Palaces in the Nysa surroundings

Published on: 14 / 11 / 2010

We suggest beginning ur excursion in an impressive palace of Kamieniec Ząbkowicki (Kamenz in German, destroyed, partly available for sightseeing). The enormous residence was formerly decorated with numerous artworks. The palace dinning room housed mural paintings depicting the Feast of Balthazar and The Marriage at Cana. The spacious rooms were decorated with old furniture and numerous canvas paintings, among them many portraits of the Princes of Orange and of the Hohenzollern family, painted by Friedrich Bury, Karl Begas and Franz Krüger (e.g. „Portrait of Marianne of Orange”, currently in Museum of Nysa).

The

interiors of the castle of Kamieniec were formerly decorated with the series of town views depicting the Hague, as reference to the Netherlandish roots of the side line of the Hohenzollern family, from whom the owner of Kamieniec had originated.

In the nearby distance from Kamieniec, there is a small village Rysiowice (Reisewitz). The palace situated in its centre, erected in the 7th decade of the 19th century, formerly belonged to the family von Ingenheim (it is currently being restored by a private owner). Its interiors housed the breath bating artworks' collection consisting of numerous antiques and more than a hundred excellent paintings by older masters, mostly by Italians. The collection was dispersed In the first half of the 20th century.

Some masterpieces deriving from the former Ingenheims' collection, among them the famous tondo by Botticelli depicting Madonna and the Child, can be admired in National Museum of Warsaw. The collection's creator was Count Gustav Adolf von Ingenheim, son of the Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm II. Despite the strong objection of his family, he decided to turn catholic and the same confession was kept by his descendents. It mignt have been one of the reasons, for which he decided to have his new residence erected in the surroundings of Nysa – an episcopal town, surrounded by acres of numerous catholic families, among them of the Matuschka family that resided in Biechów (Bechau).

The palace in Biechów was designed by a notable architect Karl von Lüdecke, it currently houses a school (more information at the homepage biechow.pl). Its erection was commissioned by Count Eloi Matuschka von Toppolczan and surely he was the creator of the collection that formerly adorned the palace. It included paintings by Italian (like Carlo Portelli or Gaspare Diziani) and Flemish masters. The interiors were also decorated with copies of famous paintings by Raphael and Andrea del Sarto and by the porcelain of Meissen. The large amount of artworks from the Matuschka Palace was transferred after 1945 to Museum of Nysa, where they are still main part of the gallery of foreign painting.

Also to Nysa were transferred after the war, the artworks that had previously adorned the impressive palace of Kopice (Koppitz in German, currently destroyed). The large edifice was erected for the family von Schaffgotsch, also according to the design by the architect von Lüdecke. The palace has remained only in part, but its solid figure and rich ornamentation still captivate. Also the interiors were undoubtedly furnished with splendour, which can be testified by a few pieces of furniture (e.g. cupboards from Gdańsk, dated to the 18th century and a Renaissance coffer) exhibited in Museum of Nysa. In the same museum we can admire a painting from the former collection in Kopice, depicting „Madonna on the crescent”, derived from Lombardy (Photo by Museum of Nysa).

We suggest finishing our excursion in Museum of Nysa (information on the museum and its opening hours available at the homepage muzeum.nysa.pl). We recommend visiting this museum, since it doesn't frequently occur that the artworks which formerly adorned Silesian palaces can still be admired in nearby distance. In addition to the artworks from Kamieniec, Biechów and Kopice we can find there the paintings and pieces of older furniture, derived from the palace of counts Francken-Sierstorpff in Frączków (Franzdorf) and from the not preserved court of the family Pohl in Kałków (Kalkau).

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